The Spirit of Truth-Jn.14:17

The Spirit in order to bring out the glory of God for human understanding uses the Word from a frame of reference and it is the Principle of Similitude.

Alphabets are symbols as hieroglyphics consists of pictorial representation. Most of the pictures can stand for the object they represent, but usually they stand for sounds. In Egyptian, the owl stands for the sound ‘m’. The Egyptian symbol for a mouth can mean mouth but it’s usually read as the sound ‘r’. Such confusion can happen as when Heavenly realities are transposed for earthly limitations communicating ideas from one medium for another. This is what we see whenever best selling novels are adapted for cinema. Descriptive literary passages in cinema may be compressed in a few shots and emotional intensity conveyed by montage and other tricks. Similarly we cannot exactly match our alphabet to hieroglyphics, because they are two very different languages.

The Spirit in order to give two concepts God as Will and God as the Son of man uses words as well as many literary devices in order to aid our understanding. Principle of similitude explains these two different realities: heavenly and earthly realities. By the same rationale He makes use of Time with reference to earth time that we may follow the Intent of God profitably. Many symbolic references are used to anticipate the advent and work of the Son of man. Thus we have many antitypes, which have been culminated in the deity and person of Jesus. Jesus Christ is the Type. In this context here is a verse of Jesus:” Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up(Jn.2:19)” Temple is a shadow of the body of Jesus. In his resurrection on the third day it was fulfilled. His resurrection in turn points to the story of Prophet Jonah who had no way of knowing what he represented in the Messianic prophecies. When the great fish swallowed him or vomited out he was doing just that according to the divine Will. ( In our own lives why we are tempted beyond measure or afflicted only our Redeemer shall know. Even so we are in the divine Plan.) However Jesus was aware of prophecies built into the Scripture were pointing to him. For he knew from whence he came; and where he would go back having fulfilled the Will of his father.

The Psalmist of Israel had spoken of the Will of God concerning him, “…In the volume of the book it is written of me…(Ps.40:6)” This is what the writer to the Hebrews comments upon. “But a body hast thou prepared me…(He.10:5,7-9) In his atoning work the body is proof of his fulfilling the divine will. The body therefore is a type. The Body consequently represents whosever believes in him. Through the Spirit indwelling each of us has a body, which is a temple. This is what St Paul refers: “Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dweleth in you? (1 Co.3:16).” Shekinah glory that filled the mercy seat is real through Jesus Christ in our lives.

The spirit uses such symbols throughout giving the role of God the Son volume and in the many promises build up as a tangible Presence. It is similar to what those two followers of Jesus had on their way to Emmaus experienced.

Towards close of his ministry Jesus had explained the role of Spirit was to glorify him.


One might ask is it the truth? The Spirit of truth while bearing testimony tells that “… Grace and truth came by Jesus Christ (Jn.1:17) He was the Type and represented attributes of godhead. As the Father, so was in the Son. Testimony of two in law is true, is it not?

In order to impress the role of the Holy Spirit in setting the Bible from the perspective of the Father and the Son let me borrow an analogy from geometry.

A piece of paper is flat, having length and breadth. If it is rolled into a cylinder or a cone, does the essence of paper is lost? As it turns out, even though a cylinder or a cone looks curved, it is intrinsically flat.

These are same, is it not? Truth is in no way compromised.

Suppose the paper is folded into a cone the same used by pedagogues in earlier times to crown a dunce in the class; or for making ice cream, or waffle cone, are they same? Purpose of the Spirit determines its form, parable, allegory or symbol. In whichever case truth is not lost.

Coming back to the temple as a symbol for body we can see the tabernacle in the wilderness, was a shadow of the body of every believer.

Representational typology Ro.5:12 1 Co.15:21 we can see the atoning work of our Lord Saviour is connected in such convincing manner figuratively and in terms of spiritual truth that the Spirit has built upon the deity and his promises. This is our glory far greater than Moses could ever hope for.Of this we shall discuss in the next post.



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Glory of the Word


The glory of the revealed Word is in the manner every child of God can muster and build up his life about the indwelling presence of the Spirit. His body is the temple and when he dies the corporeal body is dissolved. Yet he has a spiritual body to which Christ is the morning star. Of this we shall examine at length in another post. It shall suffice to say while alive his strength is from the Lord God. It can in its simplicity confound the wisdom of men. “Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings thou ordained strength…(Ps.8:2) In St. Paul’s epistle to the Church at Corinth we have the rationale of God. “But God hath chosen the foolish things of this world to confound the wise…(1 Co.1:18-29)” Our faith is not to stand in the wisdom of men but in the power of God. In understanding the word of God similar faith is requisite. Any mind-set that stops with the Law of Moses is neither here nor there. The scribes and Pharisees followed the law to the letter but not the spirit of it.

The word of God ceases to be a mystery when one comes to the lord and accepts his sovereignty in his life. He is adopted into family of special relationship where God is the Head. Besides he has grace and also the indwelling Spirit. The seemingly complexity of the passages in the Word is to be straightened by a fine comb of doctrines handed down by Holy men of God. Let us come back to the hard saying of Jesus. We are taught that Jesus did not come to destroy but save lives. It is a doctrine we need to keep in focus. His expecting any one to destroy part of the body in order to overcome sin is preposterous as well as contrary to divine Will.

The Holy Spirit uses Glory of God as radiating from the divine Being ‘In him is no darkness at all (1 Jn.1: 5)’. The Psalmist of Israel under the inspiration of God writes thus: ’Who coverest thyself light as with a garment…(Ps.104:2) Borrowing this imagery we can understand Adam was covered by his glory by proximity. Moses’ face shone as he came down from the mount with two stone tablets.’ Glory that covered Adam is a symbol to indicate the closeness God desires from man. In a manner of speaking he covered himself with light as the Lord God did.

When spirit of disobedience overcame Adam this glory left him. Against this compare Isaiah’s verse, ’How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning…(Is.14: 15). The angel similarly had forfeited his glory.

Understandably Adam is ashamed of his nakedness, which was outward manifestation of his loss. God is jealous about his glory (Is.42:8)to give it to strange gods or to spirit of disobedience. The people of Israel, whom he delivered with his mighty Hand, were the chosen nation. His glory was ‘shekinah’ the visible presence resting between the cherubim over the mercy seat.

To be continued

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Glory Factor: role of the Holy Spirit

In the coming posts we shall examine the role of the Spirit in the Bible.

Jesus Christ defines God as a Spirit. `God is a Spirit…(Jn.4:23). The third Office of the Spirit is to make the glory of God the Father and God the Son established so there is no confusion in a believer as to their virtues. The baptism by water is the token of his having died to the world and accepted the sovereignty of Jesus Christ as his saviour. In another manner of speaking he accepted the Word as his Redeemer the role of the Spirit is to get him out of tangle of worldly blandishments and thorns and thistles of human philosophy and instead guide him in all truth. The Spirit is spirit of truth,- and he does just that and the Manuel of instruction is the Bible. When we study the scriptures we are left with no doubt as to its veracity. Role of the Holy Spirit is as a teacher, “…He shall teach you all things, and bring all things to remembrance…(Jn.14:26). He is a counsellor as one forewarns us. “…Whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he shall shew you things to come (Jn.16:13) A true worshiper is one who is led by God and not by mammon since no one cannot serve two masters. Making money is not wrong but making it be-all is tantamount to making mammon as one’s. When one is in Christ he has a teacher in the Spirit and he shall know on what he should put his priorities. In short his teacher is in-house as indwelling Spirit. Jesus tells to the Samaritan woman a true worshiper must worship God in truth and spirit. When we accepted Jesus Christ as our Saviour we are born in the spirit. He is a silent witness working changes within of which Jesus compares to the wind. “The wind bloweth where it listeth….but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth…”

Glory is the virtue of a person, sum total of qualities that radiates from the individual. God is a Spirit and in our spiritual bodies we hold glory of God as a light. Believers are called the children of light (1 Th.5: 5). Whereas in John we read Jesus testifying that he had ‘the glory which I had before the world was…(Jn.17: 5). ’


Perhaps a question arises why it is necessary for the scriptures to be made a mystery? Jesus spoke in parables and he found it appropriate to use such a device for instructing his followers about the righteousness God desired from his children. The Jewish mind-set of the scribes and Pharisees had become a liability than helpful. The nation of Israel needed a new vision and hunger that drove them to look beyond the externals and literal interpretation of the Law.

We shall examine what Jesus was seeking in them (Mt.13: 11, 34-35). In one of his prayers he thanks his Father thus,’…I thank thee, O Father…because thou hast hid these things from the wise and the prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes…(Mt.11: 25-26; Ps.147:6). The teachers of law were self satisfied and proud of their accomplishment.

What Jesus sought was a new unclouded vision that is the hallmark of babes. Jesus himself revealed it as a facet of his nature ‘I am meek and lowly’(Mt.11:29; 5:5).

For a Christian what gains him victory? His spiritual warfare is not won by his own strength. The scripture has inserted this verse for our understanding: the lame take the prey. In his simplicity are the spiritual depths to know the Will of God.

Apart from what Jesus said about his parables we read in the book of Proverbs thus, ‘It is the glory of God to conceal a thing… (Pr.25:2)’Touching upon the topic of marriage and adultery Jesus is quoted saying something if literally taken would sound incredible. Let us examine these verses ‘And if they right eye offend thee, pluck it out …not that your whole body should be cast into hell (Mt.5:27-30)Does plucking out right or left eye save any man from sinning? As one thinks so is the sin committed and cause of which is not the eye itself (Mt.15:19; Pr.23:7). This being the case we need look beyond the simple statement. Perhaps the clue given by Jesus at another place could help us. ‘All men cannot receive this saying, save they to whom it is given (Mt.19: 10).’ Only by grace man can be helped overcome lusts of the body. Grace is a gift and it came with Jesus.

(To be continued)

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Will of God and Free Will

…None can stay his hand, or say unto him, what does thou? (Dan.4:35)”

The key verse is taken from an event in the life of Nebuchadnezzar . He was a gentile king, a historical figure. He would have strutted like a Colossus but being a man he could not get his act together. A touch of madness can bring down the grandeur of the most autocratic ruler. He lifted his eyes unto heaven, and ‘mine understanding returned unto me’. From whence came this inspiration to look up to heaven? Or for that matter when lucidity came on the sick man he could bless the Most High?

What is visible is finite and it is what we observe our visible universe. What is unseen is not so.

Man knows quite a lot as a great king possesses great many lands and peoples to rule over. None of these however can cure a man who is desperately sick, and is without God. Glory of the world and man is like grass. What changes the rosy cheek of a girl and makes her a hag stamps the finite aspect in each of us. The life of the king shows there is something far greater power, invisible controls as it were, exist between the finite creatures and the Maker of heaven and the earth.


Sovereign will of the Lord God is not something apart from his substance. When He commands, “Let there be light: and there was light (Ge.1:3).” It is manifest in the effect. He is Cause and in its effect to which Will of God must hold some value, Is it not? It describes what we call as free will.

God is Will (Intent) synonymous with what is made visible. Thus we have the Word (Thought) and Word made flesh; we have God the Father and the Son of man. In a manner of speaking we deduce from our consciousness that we exist since it explains how God as Will exists. Will may be invisible but Son of man as ‘image of the Invisible God’ has declared it. We believe it is so. In short the Bible is God document.

Given our ability to abstract thinking we accept the Cause of Itself (causa sui) as the Almighty God. Heaven and the earth are medium within which we read the Will of God operates. God being infinite is there is limit to say, ‘no further’? Human mind can imagine but being finite it imposes a limit and it is the arbitrary envelope stated above. Faith as a theological term connects the dotted line between us and God. Our Christian experience begins with it and consequently our faith exists because He willed in his creation act. Fiat Lux! Our reflexive faith is grounded on it.

God as the creator of heaven and the earth exercised faith. Faith is one as the Lord is one (Eph.4:5). Whenever man exercises faith in whichever measure, it sets him face to face with God. Faith is reflexive since God first exercised it. He revealed it rather. One does not reveal unless there is a specific purpose, is it not? The Lord God revealed his glory to Prophet Isaiah in order to charge him with a mission. God knew Jeremiah even before he was born (Je.1:4) God filled John with the Holy Spirit while he was in his womb. Faith of God invested in him was for his role as the Messenger, the Voice in the wilderness and that he discharged it when he baptized his Son in the river Jordan. He exercised faith in bearing record that he was the Lamb of God (Jn.1:36).

What does the epistle of Peter say? “For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of men; but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost(2 Pe.1:21).” The prophets who spoke as God commanded them display reflexive functionalism.


God provides man on a mission with qualities that serve divine Intent. Functionalism is hinged about faith and God commanding Moses to throw down his staff for example was to instill faith in him. In his command “…Put forth thine hand, and take it by the tail (Ex.4:4)’ God was doing just that. Deliverance of Israel depended on him. Simon Peter walking on water as his master did was on faith but when he saw wind becoming ‘boisterous he was afraid and began to sink…(Mt.14:29-30).’ Circumstances distracted the apostle and took away his eye from Jesus. Faith that we are discussing here is connected with God and his creative faith.

Scientists speak of REM phase that lasts about 20 minutes during which most dreams occur. This phase has been indicated by rapid eye movement of the sleeper. If he is asleep why move eyes at all? Being aware of God is as dead giveaway of God existing whether we can rationally explain His existence or not.

In understanding nature and physical phenomena do not create faith but defines us. In that glorious sunrise we are overwhelmed by our smallness against something beyond our capacity to put in words. God is not in nature but it explains in its orderliness an attribute of his substance.

When I say I shall eat something the need was already created in mind first. It is thus faith that the body acts upon. Here is physical necessity created because of body already existing. Now consider this verse “There is not a word in my tongue, but lo, O Lord, thou knowest it altogether (Ps.139:4)” Our free will is circumscribed by that of God for which consider the verse above: “Thou compassest my path and my lying down, and art acquainted with all my ways.” When one puts outside that will, it is disobedience, the sin Adam committed by listening to the serpent. Rational faculties of Adam and Eve could not resist the possible motive of God in the way the Great Liar presented it. Similarly one mistakes God from so many attributes of God the earth present as physical reality. Pantheism is another way Satan misleads knowing our rational way of thinking will take the bait if given line of thought in a set order.

When we stray from obeying Will our choices progressively narrow down as on a chessboard. It was thus the house of Israel requested Samuel to make a king over them since his children were not good examples to follow after once he had gone. God led them through Judges while the nations surrounding them had kings to lead them in war as well as judge their cause. God told Samuel to do as they wanted. (1 Sa.8:23). We see how progressively they were caught up in so many snares. Their national life was disrupted and were scattered to four corners of the earth.


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Faith- reflexive functionalism

There is only one faith. Whenever God chooses man  as in the case of Moses, He is making what is already there to make fit for his Purpose. In refusing to be called the son of the Pharaoh’s daughter (He.11:24) he had faith. It was from God but it had to be of quality shall we say heroic? He became a hero of faith when God visited him to make him one. Wonders and miracles were the means to instill faith in Moses.

Reflexive functionalism denotes faith that operates between a child of God and the Father. In Him we have been adopted as sons and reflexive in the sense we respond as sons. The faith that we exercise is like the DNA  that establishes who our Father is. As sons we function as our Father in our conduct towards others. (Mt.5:43-47). Quality of our prayer also changes.We need not pray ‘as the heathens do’ The Lord’s prayer is concise and it is the Amen in acknowledging the loving kindness of the Father.Mt.6


Reflexive Functionalism does not allow me draw upon the faith of any other but from God direct.

God in the former times allowed his angel go down at a certain season into the pool by the sheep market in Jerusalem and trouble it. Whosoever entered into it first, no mater what disease they were suffering from was healed. The man who had an infirmity for thirty-eight years had faith but required help. If it were not for it would he have patiently lain there all these years? Advent of Jesus into the world was to make faith inherent in man connect with God and not having to depend on others. Jesus did not take him by the hand into the pool but instead told him to rise, ‘take up thy bed, and walk’ and he did. Reflexive functionalism worked here. His faith connected with God and he witnessed Jesus before the Jews (Jn.5:1-15).

We have an example of principle of faith and it connects with God.

In order to deliver the children of Israel from Egypt God caused a strong east wind all through the night and made the Red sea a dry land (Ex.14: 21-28). They walked along in the midst of the sea and they walked in faith. ‘The people feared the Lord and believed the Lord …(Ex.14:31). In the following chapter we read that they glorified God. What about the Egyptians who took the same road? They had no faith but the thought of annihilating the children of Israel. Faith of one cannot be conveyed to another as he would convey his property through a legal deed. Principle of faith connects man with God, face to face or as one to one.


Jesus the light of men

When Jesus came to this world he took on the form of man sharing the same problem of human existence with others. He was sent from heaven so as the Son of man he could say, “I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work (Jn.9:14-KJV)”. Being with God from the beginning Jesus Christ qualified himself as light. So his words carry a different reading being sent from God. Of which we have this in the gospel of John: “…(He) dwelt among us; and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the glory of the only Begotten of the Father…(Jn.1:14)” Jesus could see himself from both positions as God the Son and as well as Son of man. We shall see the light of men stood in comparison with the Father of lights (Jas.1:17). “I am the Light of the world; He that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life (Jn.8:12).” To sum: light that proceeds from father of lights equips those who exercise faith become light themselves. Here we have reflexive functionalism in a nutshell. Faith is the operative word.

When we speak faith that works what does that mean? Faith triggers you to respond. Is it not?

When the Holy Spirit clues in “Let there be light”; and there was light,” it implies the command as word component of faith. We shall now examine this.

When the Spirit annotates the creation narrative we need understand it is his task to tag two creative narrative accounts so a diligent reader can follow Light that sets as Greater light and the Lesser light. It is of the self-same faith, which is one. Therefore the Spirit gives the light that rules the day its sign while the light that rules over the night has its own. Greater light and lesser light have significance in terms of divine Will.

There is a distinction as God is Thought, Will and God revealed. In sending His son to the earth it was his Intent in control: light was to bear witness of his glory. The earth He has given to man (Ps.115:16). So the Son as Captain of salvation for mankind represents lesser light. Ministry of the Son of man consequently was to set an example for mankind, the light separating the children of light from that of darkness.


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Less Is More-kenosis

“…But made himself of no reputation, and took upon the form of …in the likeness of men…wherefore God also hath highly exalted him….(Phil.2:7-11)”

In Christian theology ‘kenosis’ describes the role Jesus took on in order to do the complete will of God. He took the form of Servant and not as God. He laid aside that aspect in order to do the Will of the Father completely. Thus it is his human side we need focus on in order to appreciate this emptying process. We might say ‘Less is More if I have God in heaven’ is the motto what every Christian ought to aspire for. For those who preach prosperity theology and live as a celeb it is certain they have reaped their reward already. We are Christians because we trusted he lived as Son of man that is a good example to live by. If Jesus chose to give shape the Will of his Father (Phili.2:7) and not his own  we can also make a go of it here on earth. We have the model in him and faith that we have him in heaven.

In making himself no reputation he had the Father witnessing him to the world that he was his beloved Son.He was from above that made angels also interested party to watch the outcome. We read of angels ministering unto Jesus after temptation(Mt.4: 11), and it rings true. In growing to maturity in Christian life we need remember that when we are unappreciated by the world we are growing closer to our Saviour who went through this experience himself. Our trials of faith here and now are to show whether our faith be fine gold or fool’s gold.

Christ who once suffered for sins had a purpose: to bring us to God. Jesus says ‘Blessed are ye’, when your reward is denied to you. Mt.5:11.  If we are for a kingdom above and glory of commendation from the Father,  is it not useless to ask the keeper of worldly fame why no handclap from his claque?  The world receives its own. If we cannot be put to any inconvenience on account of being Christians we need check carefully if our faith be really set on the rails of salvation or not. The Bible is a route map that took our Lord to heaven.  We cannot reach there by half half from map that leads elsewhere. He was reviled in life and and also on the cross. He suffered it meekly. For he had made himself as nothing in order to retain God’s good testimony. We are on the earth and yet we have been translated for the heavens as he did. So we are biding our time here as pilgrims. Our conduct therefore calls for a life of separation, at least in mind. We are liberty to handle all things but all are neither convenient nor worth bothering about. Only make sure that we are clear in our conscience. In the epistle of St Peter we see how the world treats us has its corresponding response in heaven(1Pe.3:16)

Know what Jesus said to the Pharisees who wanted him to restrain his disciples? He said, “If these(multitude) should hold peace, the stones would immediately cry out (Lk.19:40).

Jesus set aside his own will. We read instances where God the Father sending help wherever was needed to help him keep his resolve (“The Father hath not left me alone (Jn.8:29) )”, Thus wherever we read of voice from heaven testifying ‘This is is my beloved son’ we can understand why. In the gravest crisis Jesus informs what he held at his disposal (Mt.26:53;Jn.19:11) God the Son but he stuck to his human aspect than escape the ignominious death of the cross. In him was fulfillment of the Will of the Father. He humbled himself or emptied himself thereby assuring salvation to whosoever believed in him.

(Gospel of God) which He had promised before by His prophets in the Holy Scriptures, concerning his Son Jesus Christ, our Lord…(Ro.1:2)”

Gospel of God is of the Father-Son relationship in terms of the Word concept.

Principle of Association throws light into Father- son relationship, which we may illustrate in our head- heart relationship. Our emotions and thoughts have no shape that another can put his finger on. Only when a man acts in a certain way we understand what he is really. Theophany of the Word in flesh was intended to delineate the gospel of God. God is love for an example. We have no better example of love than in Jesus. “But God commendeth his love towards us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us(Ro.5:8)

What sort of are you and me? How do we determine it in our interpersonal relationships? A virtuoso pianist reveals his dedication to his art and his accomplishment in his playing. Similarly when a man who was entrusted with the goods of another proves to be a crook we get a glimpse into his real self. “But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death (Jas.1:14-15)” A man is known by his deeds as plain as the proof of a pudding is in eating. Consider ourselves thus that we are in various positions of trust as apprentices. If we abuse our position to aggrandize and make ourselves a name to be passed for ‘rich and famous’ at what cost?


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Gospel of God and Gospel of Christ

There is only one gospel which is the Word. When He became flesh we beheld it as the gospel of God as John makes it clear (1:18). In manifesting as Son of man he was presenting himself as the image of the Invisible God (Co.1:14). In fulfilling the will of God we have Gospel of Christ.

Theophany of the Word when referred to the Son of man is Gospel of Christ. It is how he delineated the gospel of his Father. We shall now examine the Bible as organized by the Holy Spirit. It is in a mode, and its multi-layered narrative structure is like a portmanteau consisting yet another narrative owes to the Spirit. Consider this verse “He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you (Jn16: 14). As the expositor he creates focus remain on God the Son. For example we are told of God causing a deep sleep come over Adam while he took a rib and fashioned woman out of it. Spirit reorganized death of the Son (as foreordained before the foundation of the world) in the creation account. Historical Jesus needed to die and the Spirit underpins the founding of the Church to the risen Christ. When Adam exclaims “This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh (Ge.2:23) it holds in a figurative sense the close knit relationship God desires between Christ the Head and Church the body. The Adam and Eve episode figures in the time frame of ‘In the beginning (Ge.1:1)’But it throws its echo to reach even ‘the end times.’ In the ‘fullness of time’ marks the advent of Jesus of Nazareth. In his resurrection and his promise to return we find the Spirit tagging him as the last Adam (1 Co.15:45). Such consistency with which the Spirit weaves two narrative structures from the Father and Son serves its purpose. In Jesus Christ “dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily”. In short the Scripture throws up light to the benefit of the reader and in its orderly structure it is more from laser than from flashlight.

The Spirit adopts the principle of Association to use an abstract quality of the Father reveal in concrete terms through the actions of the Son of man. Thus when we read God is love (‘for his great love wherewith he loved us (Ep.2:4))’we know its greatness lay its universality. Jesus of Nazareth chose to die for all, the sinless for the sinful and it was to fulfil the mandate of his Father as stated in Jn.3:16. The Spirit also records actions from the Father counterbalancing that of the Son. God breathed on Adam (Gen.2:7). It created him a living soul. As a token of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit we are told that the risen Christ breathed on them and said unto the disciples, “Receive ye the Holy Ghost (Jn.20:22) ”. The Lord God warns Moses that he “is a jealous God (Ex.20:5)”. This was in context of verses (vs.3-4) preceding “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image,…bow down..nor serve them.” How shall anyone grasp an emotion like jealousy of God? The nearest we shall catch of it is in an incident of Mt.21:12-13. He drove away the moneychangers from the temple because he was jealous for the glory of his Father. “Ye cannot serve God and mammon (Mt.6:24).”

Similarly what shall we know of joy in heaven but in the way the Son of man exulted in spirit? (Lk.10:21, Mt.11:25) Significant is this verse: “…No man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal him(Mt.11:27).” The Spirit has incorporated these verses and many more in order to illustrate the association existing between the Father and the Son. It is eternal.


In order to understand the Bible we need accept the scriptural narrative is not straightforward but is multi-layered at several passages. The Spirit sets symbols and signs, which we can cite from innumerable examples. For example the Greater Light and the Lesser Light are placed in the Creation account as symbols of divine Will and of obedience respectively. In the Book of Revelation we have the testimony of Jess Christ the City of God had no sun and the moon to shine it (Re.21:23). Reason is clear. ‘The first heaven and the first earth are passed away (Re.21:1) The symbols of greater Light and Lesser Light are swallowed up in the glory of the holy city. These symbols therefore can be treated as an example of transitional symbolism.

God does not change; neither his Word that is forever settled in heaven. So we need look elsewhere for understanding the significance.

For example look at the sun and the moon serving for the Greater light and the Lesser light.

These are symbols for God the Father and the Son. When these heavenly objects form part of the vision of the Woman clothed with the sun (Re.12:1 ) it is understood that their usage is far removed from the conventional meaning. Neither is it intended there for giving light nor in their traditional symbolic values. Their significance arises from the substance of the vision. These two are signs to inform the reader of a specific apocalyptical event.

Coming back to the transitional symbol associated with the light we read “When all things shall be subdued unto Him, then shall the Son Himself also be subject…that God may be all in all (1Co.15:28).” The Greater and Lesser lights become as one. In short the transitional symbols are subsumed in the divine will, the symbol of the Greater Light. Of this we read in the book of Revelation. “And there shall be no night there,…neither light of the sun;for the Lord giveth them light (Re.22:5)” Glory of the Light is the Word revealed which we understand from this verse: “And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon to shine in it; for the glory of God gave it light, and the Lamb is the light thereof (Re.21:23-24).”

Sign of the Greater and Lesser light is supplanted by the glory of the Word in its Intent and revelation. “And I saw no temple therein, for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it (Re.21:22)”. This signifies the Law and the ordinances associated with temple worship are replaced by the Church and the Head, which is Christ Jesus.

This symbol underpins the Word as unchangeable and settled in Heaven. While studying the  word, we ought to be cautious for the symbolism could be carried to excess. God asking Hosea to marry a whore or the Spirit filling Elizabeth with Holy Spirit before the outpouring of the Holy Ghost are exception to the rule. So we shall simply learn the symbols for the spiritual significance they have for our growth. Many signs and wonders are not revealed for example our priesthood in eternity where there shall be no temple worship that as we know of. The Spirit shall reveal on need-to-know basis.


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