“As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men (v.14):
Before we take up the subject of the Suffering Servant (to which the theme of everlasting salvation has been leading us) it would help us greatly to see his service in proper context. Isaiah’s burden as the opening line would indicate, was concerning Judah and Jerusalem. As servant God has put words in his mouth places him as a stand- in for the coming of the Messiah. As with prophecies of Isaiah these invariably overshoot the banks of topicality and address salvation also in terms of the Gentiles. Introduction of Cyrus was a hint to us. To sum the word of God serves the immediate and eternal purpose of God.
Jesus Christ was the Word and was with God from the beginning. When God says He set him under the shadow of his Hand it is a clear assertion for what purpose. The eternal word of God shall be established for a law and shall rest for a light of the people. It is how St Matthew in his gospel introduces the birth of Jesus..”The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up(Matt.4:16)” . It explains the quote from Isaiah. “…For a law shall proceed from me, and I will make my judgment to rest for a light of the people./ My righteousness is near; my salvation is gone forth, and mine arms shall judge the people (Is.51:4-5).”
Hand of God signifies His omnipotence. It is also referred to as ‘finger of God’ by Jesus explaining his healing touch. Besides all that He did and was, therefore served a purpose. It is what we get here, “But if I drive out demons by the finger of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you (Lk.11:20,19). His law under the heaven is phrased by the prophet as bound up with Jesus Christ ‘in the shadow of his hand.’ In v.10 we shall see its ambit which is as far as the ends of the earth. “ The Lord hath made bare his holy arm in the eyes of all the nations; and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God.
How His righteousness shall be revealed shall never be contrary to His nature. So when He sent His Suffering Servant it was not his Suffering but what was laid on him as chastisement for the people.. When we consider the ways of the people we can see how the prophet sees them, “It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; ….(Is.20:22).”
He as the Son of man was among them as an atonement for their transgressions. He knew no sin. He did no sin and his body was what prepared for him to which the Psalmist predicted, We shall consider it from the epistle to the Hebrews,”Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me: (He.10:3)” God has bared his Holy arm and it is to be seen and thought over by all nations. But what does Isaiah say: “As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men:” True indeed the soldiers spat at him and manhandled him and platted a crown of thorns and subjected him to various indignities. In physical terms accumulated sin of mankind was placed as he were a scapegoat.
Sin of mankind and salvation are two aspects of everlasting salvation. We shall consider the verse already discussed, “…Law shall proceed from me, and I will make my judgment to rest for a light of the people. What does this law as a symbol signify? In Jesus Christ was no guile and the guilt the Lord God laid on him ever since made as though law were written on fleshly tablets, for all mankind. . Law of Moses only opened the eyes of Israel to consider their Messiah with the scapegoat in the wilderness.But to those who received him he gave the power to be called sons of God so law of everlasting salvation works for their spiritual bodies.
11 Depart ye, depart ye, go ye out from thence, touch no unclean thing; go ye out of the midst of her; be ye clean, that bear the vessels of the Lord.
12 For ye shall not go out with haste, nor go by flight: for the Lord will go before you; and the God of Israel will be your reward.
13 Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high.
14 As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men:
15 So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see; and that which they had not heard shall they consider.