“But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection (v.5)
In the following verse we have a group of people who are described as blessed and holy. In the chapter 7 we had already come across them, They are the ones that came out of the great tribulation. They are martyrs for having won their redemption by the blood of the Lamb. “Therefore they are before the throne of God, and serve him night and day. …For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them (Re.7:14-17). As discussed earlier fed by the Lamb is an expression a kangaroo word leading their state to the holy city of God, signified by the expression of being led ‘unto the living fountains of waters.’
They are consequently blessed and holy. They escaped judgment of the second death and shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years(v.6).
First resurrection is where the blood of the Lamb made the fallen man reign with the Messiah before the throne of the Lamb.
“And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, (vv.7-10)
Satan’s work involves gathering Gog and Magog to battle and their number is as the sand of the sea. When we come across the word battle at this stage we ought to know it is a battle into which the heaven and the earth are drawn in and we have two witnesses for example and we are examining the events mentioned in chapter 11 from the standpoint of God. Who are Gog and Magog? They are stand in for the Gentiles as in the case of Jerusalem ‘the beloved city’ previously was a stand in for Sodom and Egypt (Re.11:8) Satan’s cohorts shall surround camps of the saints and cause great deal of destruction but in the end ‘fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them’ What is described in chapter 19:11-21 is paraphrasing of the vv.9-10 . “… And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever (v.10).
“And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them (v.11)”
The following verses (vv.12-14) in this chapter deal with the Great White Throne judgment.
And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.
And the sea gave up the dead, which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.
And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.
And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire(v.15).
Of the second death we shall consider in the next chapter.