“And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals(v.1)”.
Authority of God is in the book or scroll sealed with seven, the number is a clue. God on the throne is represented by the hand handing it over to the Lamb.
The verse 5 indicates significance of the Lamb. He is the anointed One,- Messiah referring to the Millennial reign ahead, The voice like a trumpet in the preceding chapter (4:1) and reference to the titles ‘the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David’ are clues provided by the Spirit to indicate from which standpoint is to be understood. Jewish antecedents of Jesus underpin the events leading up to the destruction of Jerusalem in Ch.14:20. Similar destruction of the city now labeled Babylon(Ch.18) is a look at the same events from the Gentiles perspective. Thus we have two Lambs (referring to the Son) presented from the Jewish (5:6) and from the Church standpoint(14:1), corroborating the basic narrative mode of the Spirit, as consistent. The book is no exception events switching back and forth between God the Father and God the Son.)
“And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof?…And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon(vv.2-4)”.
Here the Apostle is in the Spirit and the scenes presented is to be understood spiritually, Instead of literal tears John groaned in spirit, rather.
“And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof(v.5)”.
Was it John’s other self, I wonder. It is idle curiosity. Where the Spirit has chosen not to let us respect the divine bar and go with the next verse.
“And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns(v.6a).”
God the Son was with the Father from beginning of creation and when God saw each day He saw that it was good( Ge.1:18). What implies there is that the Son did all in accordance with the divine Will. Creative power of the Son is one aspect for which the symbol of seven horns is apt. ‘The Lamb as it had been slain’ is another referring to the Wisdom of God since obedience of the Son transcends human comprehension.
“…And seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth (v.6b)”.
St. Paul speaks in his epistle to the Church in Corinth, of Christ being the spiritual rock, He was present with the children of Israel and at Elim refreshing is another example. ‘Twelve wells and seventy palm trees (Ex.15:27)’ is the Spirit’s way of associating the presence of the Son there. The seven is perfection of God whose presence was manifest in so many ways. The seven eyes refer to the Lamb. When Jesus has assured,’Lo I am with you always’, it means exactly what it says. The Spirit uses a concrete symbol of seven eyes and it is the angel of his presence to which we need not apply Jew or Gentiles, Old or new but we get the idea of eternal presence the Glory of God, as applied to the Son.
“And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne… the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odors, which are the prayers of saints (vv.7-8)”.
Vials, harps are familiar articles in the Old Testament for instance the sweet Psalmist of Israel was associated with harp(Ps.71:22).
(Aaron was instructed to burn incense on the altar each morning and at twilight, every day, as a regular offering to the Lord (Ex.30:7-8). Here we have a direct reference to the Old Testament practice. Adoration of the saints raises like prayers. David prayed, “May my prayer be set before you like incense (Ps.141:2)”
“And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God…. hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth. They sung a new sung which considering that is an emblem ought to tell us the significance of song being new. Hannah sung when God changed her infertile state with a child of promise. Similarly when Gabriel visited Mary and informed her of the coming of Jesus her adoration was new. The four beasts leading the song is echoed by angelic host and we have it being taken up by ‘every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honor, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.(v.13)
“while the morning stars sang together and all the angels shouted for joy (Jb.38:7-NIV)” it was a new song. It was for the God the Son coming to the earth.
Through the blood of Jesus our prayers made to God are like the angels waving bowl of incense of sweet savor(Re.8:3). Nothing in heaven or on the earth can prevent it from reaching God who sits on the throne.