Inverted symbolism explains where persons or things are used in illustrating a spiritual truth under the Old Covenant, which when sustained to the end shall throw light on what went before. In order to illustrate let us consider two dreams in which the symbol refers to the same person and purpose.
The first example is taken from the life of Gideon. God chose the rag-tag army for Gideon who was still not battle-ready. In order to encourage him God arranged a dream the night before he was to attack the camp of the Midianites. “There was a man that told a dream unto his fellow, and said, Behold I dreamed a dream, and lo, a cake of barley tumbled into the host of Midian,…overturned it( tent)…(Jud.7:13). Considering Jesus had qualified himself as the bread of heaven the loaf of barley tumbling into the camp of the Midianites has to do with Jesus Christ as Messiah-King. He levels all opposition. Bread is a symbol for Jesus. During the Holy Communion the participants recall the broken body of Jesus who died for us. Manna is another instance. This symbol is relevant being directly tied to salvation.
Next we have the rock as a symbol of Jesus Christ. We shall consider the royal dream interpreted by Daniel. “Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and it shall break in pieces …” This stone in terms of the mountain tells us two things. God the Father is the mountain is one part; the stone that came tumbling as in the case of cake of barley refers to God the Son. His first Advent is carried over into the second with which he shall establish the Kingdom of God in eternity. This is what we read in the last two chapters of the Book of Revelation. Whereas the rock filling the whole earth refers to the holy city of New Jerusalem. This city however throws light on the saying of Jesus: “A city that is set on hill cannot be hid (Mt.5:14)” It also refers to eternity where the Church is signs and wonders to nations “Behold, I and the children whom the Lord hath given me are for signs and wonders…(Is.8:18). This is quoted in the epistle to the Hebrews,(2:13) informing us the important role the saints redeemed of the earth shall play in the end times.
God let Moses into the cleft of a rock before He let him see his ‘back parts.’ Another instance where Isaiah refers to the people of God. “Look unto the rock whence you are hewn…(Isa.51.1)”
Symbolism of rock becoming mountain speaks for the Kingdom of God in which scriptural passages scattered elsewhere acquire significance and context..